Part V: Penalties

Article 75:

Without prejudice to any such aggravated penalty as may be stipulated in the Penal Code or any other law, crimes set forth in this part shall be subject to the following penalties:
First:   He who establishes a clandestine association or practices any of the activities provided for in items 1,2,3 of Article 11 hereof shall be penalized with imprisonment for a period not more than one year and a fine of no more than LE 10,000.
Second:   A penalty of imprisonment for a period not more than six months and a fine of no more than LE 2000 shall be inflicted on those who have:
  1. Established an entity under any title whatsoever to practice an activity of associations and NGO’s, without abiding by the provisions prescribed by this law.
  2. Practiced an activity of associations and NGO’s in spite of the issuance of a ruling or decision suspending or dissolving some.
  3. Received, in his capacity as a chairman or member of an association or NGO, no matter whether such capacity is valid or alleged, funds from abroad or send out abroad any of such funds or collect contributions without the approval of the administrative body.
  4. Expended money owned to associations and NGO’s or the federation for personal purposes or use such money in financial manipulations.
  5. Disposed of funds owed to such an association or NGO that has been adjudged as dissolved or liquidated or issued a decision to this effect with an order in writing by the liquidator.
Third:   A penalty of imprisonment for a period of no more than three months and a fine of no more than LE 1000 or either penalty shall be inflicted in any of the following cases:
  1. He who practices one of the activities of associations and NGO’s before its registration has been completed, save for foundation procedures.
  2. Any member of the board of directors or managers of an association or NGO, who contributes, through action on his part, to its access, participation or affiliation to a club, association, organization or authority domiciled outside the Arab Republic of Egypt without notification to or not withstanding protest by the administrative body.
  3. Any liquidator who has distributed funds owed to an association or NGO in violation of the provisions of this law.
  4. Any member of the board of directors of a public welfare association, who has contributed, through an action on his part, to the merger of the association into another, without approval of the administrative body.

Article 74:

The resources of the fund shall be made up mainly of :
  1. Funds earmarked in the state general budget as aid to associations and NGO’s established under the provisions of this law.
  2. Proceeds of donations, grants and constructions received by the funds.
  3. Proceeds of funds accruing thereto from dissolved associations and NGO’s.
  4. Additional taxes levied in favour of charity works.

Article 6:

The administrative body shall be under obligation to enter a summary statement of the association’s statute into the relevant reigster within sixty days from the date of submission by the founder’s assembly representative of a registration application. Should sixty days elapse without being made, registration shall be deemed effective under the law.
The association shall be judged to be a judicial person by conducting such registration or by the lapse of sixty days from the day the association representative has applied for registration, whichever earlier.
Should the administrative body realize, within the sixty days referred to’ that the association’s purposes comprise an activity prohibited under Article 11 hereof, the body shall reject the registration application by a decision to be notified to the representative of the founders’ assembly by a registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt within the aforementioned sixty days.
The representative of the founders’ assembly may challenge the decision before the competent court within sixty days effective the date of notification in accordance with prescribed procedures.
The administrative body shall carry such procedure as to have a summary statement of the association’s statute published in the Official Gazette (Al-Waqie Al-Misria) with sixty days from the date the association is judged a judicial person.

Article 7:

There shall be set up within the jurisdiction of each court of first instance one or more committee to be formed annually under a decision by the Minister of Justice. Such committee shall be headed by at least a counselor of the court of appeal to be nominated by the court’s general assembly with the following as members :
  1. A representative of the administrative body nominated by the Minister of Social Affairs.
  2. A representative of the regional Federation nominated by the board of directors of the general federation. Such committee shall comprise, as a member, a representative of the association to the dispute to be nominated by its general assembly or board of directors.
The committee shall be concerned with the considering disputes that may arise between the association and the administrative body.
The committee meeting shall be valid, only with the presence of all its members. Its resolution shall be issued within sixty days from the date of submitting dispute thereto, by majority of votes. In case of equal votes, the chairman’s shall be the casting vote. The executive regualtions of the pres-ent law shaw other rules and procedures for running business of the committee.
No action in respect of dispute shall be acceppted by the competent court unless resolution thereon has been taken by the committee or the period stipulated in the preceding paragraph has elapsed. Action shall be filed within sixty days of the date of issuing the resolution according to relevent procedures of filey cases.

Article 8:

Without prejudice to paragraph 3, Article 6 of the present law, the administrative body may object to whatever it deems as contradictory to the law in the statute of the association or as regards the founders. However, this shall not preclude it from being obliged to enter the association into the relevent register within the period set forth in Article 6 hereof.
Should it find any justification for objection, the administrative body shall notify the association by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt, with reasons of such objection. Should the association fail to eliminate causes of such objection within the period specified by the administrative body. The dispute shall be submitted to the committee set forth in the preceding article.
When an action on objection is filed before the competent court, following the issuance of the commitee resolution, the administrative body may request the competent court to urgently pass a judgment to eliminate cause of contravention, while maintaining the association in operation or to impose a temporary suspension on the activity of the association pending settlement of subject of suit.
The administrative body shall annotate the text of verdict opposite the relevant entry of the association in the special register.

Article 9:

Any interested party shall have the right to have access to the summary statement of the association’s statute and obtain a copy endorsed as true against payment of such duty as may be defined by the executive regulations up to a maximum of LE20; the proceeds to which shall be paid to the NGO Assistance Fund.

Article 10:

In amending an institution’s statute, the same procedures set forth in this chapter as regards foundation.

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